Sunday, September 10, 2017

Economics for SF Researchers

A reading list of economics-related titles that may be of interest to researchers working in Science Fiction Studies:

Journals / Series
  • Journal of Cultural Economy
  • Ecological Economics
  • International Journal of Green Economics
  • The Real Utopias Project, Vol. 1-6 🔥
Books
  • Georg Simmel, The Philosophy of Money (1900)
  • Rosa Luxemburg, The Accumulation of Capital (1913)
  • Max Weber, Economy and Society: An Outline of Interpretive Sociology (1922)
  • Marcel Mauss, The Gift (1925)
  • Joseph Schumpeter, Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy (1942)
  • Karl Polanyi, The Great Transformation (1944)
  • Robert Heilbroner, The Worldly Philosophers (1953)
  • Franz Fanon, The Wretched of the Earth (1961)
  • Joan Robinson, Economic Philosophy (1962)
  • John Maynard Keynes, Essays in Persuasion (1963)
  • Jane Jacobs, The Economy of Cities (1969)
  • Shulamith Firestone, The Dialectic of Sex: The Case for Feminist Revolution (1970)
  • Ernest Mandel, Late Capitalism (1972)
  • Marshall Sahlins, Stone Age Economics (1972)
  • James S. Albus, Peoples' Capitalism: The Economics of the Robot Revolution (1976)
  • Daniel Bell, The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism (1976)
  • Jean Baudrillard, For a Critique of the Political Economy of the Sign (1981)
  • Fernand Braudel, Civilization and Capitalism 15th-18th Century, Vol. 1: The Structures of Everyday Life (1981)
  • Deirdre McCloskey, The Rhetoric of Economics (1985)
  • Barbara Bergmann, The Economic Emergence of Women (1986)
  • Sara Roy, The Gaza Strip: The Political Economy of De-Development (1987)
  • Margaret Levi, Of Rules and Revenue (1988)
  • J. Parry and M. Bloch (ed.), Money and the Morality of Exchange (1989)
  • Elinor Ostrom, Governing the Commons: The Evolution of Institutions for Collective Action (1990) 🔥
  • Michael Albert, Robin Hahnel, Looking Forward: Participatory Economics for the Twenty First Century (1991)
  • Caroline Humphrey and Stephen Hugh-Jones (ed.), Barter, Exchange and Value (1992)
  • Paul Cockshott and Allin Cottrell, Towards a New Socialism (1993)
  • Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing, In the Realm of the Diamond Queen: Marginality in an Out-Of-The-Way Place (1993)
  • Viviana Zelizer, The Social Meaning of Money: Pin Money, Paychecks, Poor Relief, & Other Currencies (1994)
  • Marguerite Young, Angel in the Forest: A Fairy Tale of Two Utopias (1994)
  • Elizabeth Wayland Barber, Women's Work: The First 20,000 Years Women, Cloth, and Society in Early Times (1994)
  • Jane Humphries, Gender and Economics (1995)
  • Farhad Nomani and Ali Rahnema, Islamic Economic Systems (1995)
  • T.G. Rawski, Economics and the Historian (1996)
  • Barry Eichengreen, Globalizing Capital: A History of the International Monetary System (1996)
  • Susan Strange, The Retreat of the State (1996)
  • Diana Wynne-Jones, The Tough Guide to Fantasyland (1996)
  • Theodor Adorno, Can One Live After Auschwitz? A Philosophical Reader (1997)
  • Susana Narotzky, New Directions in Economic Anthropology (1997)
  • Susan Strange, Mad Money (1998)
  • Amartya Sen, Development as Freedom (1999)
  • Marilyn Waring, Counting for Nothing: What Men Value and What Women are Worth (1999)
  • Martha Woodmansee, Mark Osteen, New Economic Criticism: Studies at the Intersection of Literature and Economics (1999)
  • Deirdre McCloskey ed. by Stephen Ziliak, Measurement and Meaning in Economics: The Essential Deirdre McCloskey (1999) 🔥
  • Witold Kula, The Problems and Methods of Economic History (2001)
  • Peter A. Hall and David Soskice, Varieties of Capitalism (2001)
  • Philip Mirowski, Machine Dreams: Economics Becomes a Cyborg Science (2001) 🔥
  • Carlota Perez, Technological Revolutions and Financial Capital (2002)
  • Lourdes Benería, Gender, Development, and Globalization: Economics as if All People Mattered (2003)
  • Michel Foucault, The Birth of Biopolitics (2004)
  • Ernesto Screpanti and Stefano Zamagni, An Outline of the History of Economic Thought (2005)
  • Julie A. Nelson, Economics for Humans (2006)
  • Elspeth Brown, Cultures of Commerce: Representation and American Business Culture, 1877-1960 (2006)
  • Naomi Klein, Shock Doctrine: The Rise of Disaster Capitalism (2007)
  • Joyce Jacobsen and Adam Zeller, Queer Economics: A Reader (2007)
  • Diane Coyle, The Soulful Science: What Economists Really Do and Why It Matters (2007)
  • Margaret Atwood, Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth (2008) 🔥
  • Karen Ho, Liquidated: An Ethnography of Wall Street (2008)
  • Claudia Goldin and Lawrence F. Katz, The Race Between Education and Technology (2008) 
  • Kenneth Rogoff and Carmen Reinhart, This Time is Different: Eight Centuries of Financial Folly (2009)
  • Nancy Folbre, Greed, Lust, and Gender: A History of Economic Ideas (2009)
  • Donella H. Meadows, Thinking in Systems: A Primer (2009)
  • Mark Fisher, Capitalist Realism (2009)
  • Elinor Ostrom, Understanding Institutional Diversity (2010)
  • Francis Spufford, Red Plenty (2010)
  • Juliet B. Schor, Plenitude: The New Economics of True Wealth (2010)
  • Viviana Zelizer, Economic Lives: How Culture Shapes the Economy (2010) 🔥
  • David Harvey, The Enigma of Capital (2010)
  • Charles Wheelan, Naked Economics: Undressing the Dismal Science (2010)
  • David Graeber, Debt: The First 5,000 Years (2011) 🔥
  • Louis Brennan, Alessandra Vecchi, The Business of Space: The Next Frontier of International Competition (2011)
  • Daniel Kahneman, Thinking, Fast and Slow (2011)
  • Kalpana Rahita Seshadri, HumAnimal: Race, Law, Language (2012)
  • Katherine Boo, Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity (2012)
  • Irene Aldridge, High-Frequency Trading: A Practical Guide to Algorithmic Strategies and Trading Systems (2013)
  • Mary Morgan, The World and the Model: How Economists Work and Think (2013)
  • Thomas Piketty, Capital in the 21st Century (2013)
  • Brett Scott, The Heretic's Guide to Global Finance: Hacking the Future of Money (2013) 🔥
  • Mariana Mazzucato, The Entrepreneurial State: Debunking Public vs. Private Sector Myths (2013)
  • Ha-Joon Chang, Economics: The User's Guide (2013) 🔥
  • Anna Grandori, Epistemic Economics and Organization: Forms of Rationality and Governance for a Wiser Economy (2013)
  • Diane Coyle, GDP: A Brief But Affectionate History (2014)
  • Nigel Dodd, The Social Life of Money (2014) 🔥
  • Anthony Dunne and Fiona Raby, Speculative Everything: Design, Fiction, and Social Dreaming (2014)
  • Naomi Klein, This Changes Everything: Capitalism vs. the Climate (2015)
  • Paul Mason, Postcapitalism: A Guide to Our Future (2015)
  • Nick Srnicek and Alex Williams, Inventing the Future (2015)
  • Will Davies, Johanna Montgomerie, and Sara Walin, Financial Melancholia: Mental Health and Indebtedness (2015)
  • Melanie Swan, Blockchain: Blueprint for a New Economy (2015)
  • Martin Ford, Rise of the Robots: Technology and the Threat of a Jobless Future (2015)
  • Manu Saadia, Trekonomics (2016) 🔥
  • Douglas Rushkoff, Throwing Rocks at the Google Bus (2016)
  • Nancy Isenberg, White Trash: The 400-Year Untold History of Class in America (2016)
  • Janelle Knox-Hayes, The Cultures of Markets: The Political Economy of Climate Governance (2016)
  • Stuart J. Smyth and José Falck-Zepeda, Socio-Economic Considerations in Biotechnology Regulation (Natural Resource Management and Policy (2016)
  • Ram S. Jakhu, Joseph N. Pelton, Yaw Otu Mankata Nyampong, Space Mining and Its Regulation (2016)
  • Julian Guthrie, How to Make a Spaceship: A Band of Renegades, an Epic Race and the Birth of Private Space Flight (2017)
  • Joseph F. Coughlin, The Longevity Economy: Inside the World's Fastest-Growing, Most Misunderstood Market (2017)
  • Cathy O'Neil, Weapons of Math Destruction: How Big Data Increases Inequality and Threatens Democracy (2017)
  • Ryan Kiggins, The Political Economy of Robots: Prospects for Prosperity and Peace in the Automated 21st Century (2017)
  • Kate Raworth: Doughnut Economics: Seven Ways to Think like a 21st-Century Economist (2017) 🔥
  • Alexander MacDonald, The Long Space Age: The Economic Origins of Space Exploration from Colonial America to the Cold War (2017)
  • Winifred Curran and Trina Hamilton, Just Green Enough: Urban Development and Environmental Gentrification (2017)
  • Ҫınla Akdere and Christine Baron (ed.), Economics and Literature: A Comparative Interdisciplinary Approach (2017)
  • Will Davies (ed.), Economic Science Fiction (2018) 🔥
  • Paulina Golinska, Logistics Operations and Management for Recycling and Reuse (2018)
  • Julia Puaschunder, Governance and Climate Justice: Global South and Developing Nations (2018)
  • Chrystia Freeland and Lawrence H Summers, The Post-Widget Society: Economic Possibilities for Our Children (2018)
  • Annie Lowrey, Give People Money: How a Universal Basic Income Would End Poverty, Revolutionise Work, and Remake the World (2018)
  • Michelle Chihara and Matt Seybold, The Routledge Companion to Literature and Economics (2018)

Wednesday, August 16, 2017

New Genre Wednesdays: Sarcastika

Saturday, August 12, 2017

Notes on Estrangement 3: Still

What is the awareness of the other person -- the other person, whom you have not seen and will later studiously cast your eyes in a wide berth around so as not to glimpse -- although a person whom you will, later still, slipping back to your locker to retrieve your laptop with half these words already spilling in your head, with slight frustration, accidentally glimpse -- what is this awareness of this other person, whom you have not seen, but who seems to be as light and as restless a sleeper, and perhaps as desperate a sleeper as you are, this other person with whom you share at least these pointless qualities, this other person with whom you share also not exactly a bed, but exactly two beds, squeakily interwoven into one rickety structure, a set of bunks that creaks you into wakefulness again and again, that steadily disciplines your own tossing and turning into the most fastidious stealth, that once more and once more again rocks you asleep and stirs you awake like a cup of black coffee immiscible with its own milk?

This awareness must be the estrangement of intimacy. It must be the very familiar thing, of lying sound asleep but always a little awake, here beside the other other person whom you lie beside almost every night -- in, it has to be said, a very big bed -- only made strange.

Or (flip quietly onto your other side, forests of fidgets, and spoonings sprouting into sporkings) it must be the strange made familiar.

It must be the strangeness of those nights when you and she can't get to sleep, those fidgeting nights of prickles and frets and crabs, where the world of bed becomes a thicket of thorns. It must be one of those nights, only made safe and inhabitable, technicized and mechanized, and made as comfortable and hospitable as possible, while preserving the essential texture of snarls and crotchets, made hospitable and comfortable and in a sense therefore familiar both by this little metal infrastructure that keeps your distance for you ...
... and by whatever invisible infrastructure distinguishes your lives, whatever invisible infrastructures keeps distances that are not even "your" distances between you, keeps the stranger below a stranger. Beds within beds, wheels of milk within wheels of black coffee, dawn within midnight, trying to show kindness while you are asleep within waking from the dream that you are awake. It must be the strange within the familiar.

And there is a small but non-zero chance that the person in the bunk below you has written books you have read and perhaps been intimate with. And then what would shift or stir?

It is only because this is what has sprung to mind, this is what you have to compare it with, and cut a path toward it with, that it becomes this particular estrangement of a familiar intimacy, and the de-estrangement of this intimate disquiet. It could have been something else estranged last night. Paddling in a canoe, steering it together, trying to keep it level and its course true.

Or -- I think this is right, although I haven't had much sleep, for reasons I won't get into -- it could be an estrangement of some new something else which you retrospectively create in order to be that-which-is-estranged, and I think that is why estrangement can be political still.

Friday, August 11, 2017

Notes on Estrangement 2: Flushed With Pride

I spend a not inconsiderable time yesterday tweeting about these little signs at WorldCon. This thread goes right round the U-bend.


I wonder about the distinction between moments of estrangement in which the estranged person has a clear sense of for whom such moments are estranging, and for whom they are not, vs. moments in which the estranged person is simply disquieted in a way that offers no such distinctions, and a way in which they perhaps may assume to be universal.

I don't know yet how well that distinction would map onto the distinction between cognitive and non-cognitive, let alone how it might relate to science fiction, fantasy, horror, the weird, etc. What do you think?

Read the thread, if you like. This small sign being a text, might it offer an instance of literary estrangement? Was your first thought, "Why would you put up such a sign?" or "Why would you leave poop papers piled in a corner?" or "Good, that might help" or "If only I had a boss who would put up a sign like that"?

If the sign does offer an instance of estrangement, literary or otherwise, where does it stand as regards Suvin's distinction between the cognitive and non-cognitive? And can its status as cognitive and/or non-cognitive be reconfigured through conscious effort? Does reading the thread shift it from non-cognitively estranging to cognitively estranging? Or does it shift it from estranging to non-estranging? Or is there some other shift? Or is there some other shit?

The concept of "cognition," for Suvin, is loosely informed by Kantian critique (and less directly, feminist epistemology): cognition has something to do not only with recognising your object, but with recognising who and what you are.

So who encounters estrangement here? In the thread, among those whom I hint are less likely to encounter any sharp estrangement are:

  • Finns
  • Greeks, Macedonians, Bulgarians, etc.
  • Women
  • Cleaners

Thursday, August 10, 2017

Power Couples of WorldCon: A Field Guide

Marguerite Kenner and Alasdair Stuart. Of PodCastle, Escape Pod, PseudoPod, & Cast of Wonders. Podder Couple.

Malcolm Devlin and Helen Marshall. Travellers to antique lands frequently flock to Shelley's two vast and trunkless legs of stone. But why not squint up with the locals into the desert firmament azure, where hover two vast and trunkless arms of flame, Helen and Malcolm?

Patrick Nielson Hayden and Teresa Nielsen Hayden. Grandmasters of the Worshipful Company of Editors, these two have long since stopped editing your manuscripts directly, and simply edit the fabric of reality so that they have always already edited your manuscripts.

Emma Newman and Peter Newman. Of Tea and Jeopardy. Power Cuppa.

Geoffrey Landis and Mary Turzillo. Of poetry. Pictured here gigglingly bestowing 600 feet of badge ribbons on grateful Cosplay Rapunzel who accidentally locked her golden hair atop her lofty tower.

Jen Walklate and Will Ellwood. The Pyramus and Thisby of the Fourth Wall.

Ann VanderMeer and Jeff VanderMeer. Of Big Book of Science Fiction. Ann here pictured deftly brushing a fragment of rheum schmutz from the inner canthus of the left eye of a jetlagged Jeff. Zoom in and you'll see it's a delicate scrap of film-strip-like ribbon: Jeff's dreams must be physically exuded by a miniature mechanical heirloompunk gland bequeathed by Jeff's really-great-great-grandmother, Greta VanderMeer. Greta, who arrived at Ellis Island Greta AvantDreamer, invented the practice of dreaming, today widespread throughout many parts of the world.

Me and you. You, it will one day be recognized, did most of it.

Elsewhere: all the Podsibilities.



Wednesday, August 9, 2017

Notes on Estrangement 1: Quick skeptical comment on WorldCon academic track in Helsinki

This may just be the blazing Finnish sun and that weird walnut drink talking, but.

During his paper, Andrew Butler discussed Darko Suvin -- the theorist whose ideas are totally indispensable to our distinctively coherent, and focused, and totally packed-to-the-gunnels enclave conference here in Helsinki -- and in a throwaway comment, mentioned that Suvin thinks only a small fraction of SFF is any good.

Another way of putting that: Suvin might say that only a small fraction of SFF is actually cognitively estranging. (And btw, the more recent Suvin would certainly see cognitive and non-cognitive estrangement as braided together within any text, rather than functioning as a big distinction between SF and fantasy, or differentiating good books from bad ones).

I suspect that he'd see non-cognitive estrangements (which are mystifying, politically useless, conservative or reactionary in their effect) as fairly common. I think I would see them that way too, too, at least for the sake of argument!

I've been to two sessions and seen some fantastic papers and enjoyed them whole(withered)heartedly. But could that very enjoyment point to a problem? Is there maybe a pattern developing here? Do we perhaps systematically overestimate the political usefulness, or revelatory power, of the SFF we happen to love and/or happen to be researching? And/or if these texts do contain radical potentials (via cognitive estrangement or some other mechanism), do we systematically overestimate the ease with which we may access and elaborate those potentials as critics?

To take a crude example (and without doing justice to the nuance of the papers we've seen!): what if the figure of the cyborg does not rupture, but rather reinforces, the binary between nature and technology? What if chimeric human-animal hybrids likewise do not rupture, but rather reinforce, the binary between human and non-human?

(Or perhaps, what if these binaries have become like playthings that texts can rupture as often as they like to little or no effect, while unwittingly reinforcing other equivalent binaries, whose namelessness and elusiveness are part of their resilience and power? Equivalent binaries or other structures which nevertheless are quietly carrying out ubiquitous and obscure work on behalf of anthropocentric domination?)

I find the idea that We3 or Oryx & Crake or Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep? disquiet my deep normative structures halfway convincing. I also find the idea that they reinforce those structures halfway convincing.

There is a rich tradition of Marxist literary criticism, to which Suvin surely belongs, which takes as its starting point the powerful recuperative capacities of capitalism and its intermeshed systems of oppression ... a tradition which begins by viewing any object of culture as probably complicit, in at least most of its aspects, with that dominant order. Are we in danger of forgetting that tradition here?

In the WorldCon booklet, there's a splendid and indispensable field guide to academics. One important factoid is: academics do not squee, they critique. Behind it there hovers a gentle tongue-in-cheek recognition of the passion and pleasure of many SFF academics: shhh, don't spoil it for them, critique is just a scholarly squee -- nobody spoil it for them!

It feels a little close to the bone.

Sunday, July 23, 2017

CfP: Science Fiction and Economics

Vector is pleased to invite proposals for short articles (2,000-4,000 words) exploring science fiction and economics. CfP can be found here. Some ideas for topics include:
  • The economics and political economy of utopias and dystopias
  • Imagined systems of economic thought
  • The role of speculation about the future across SF and financial markets
  • Property and its alternatives in SF
  • Imagined collapses of and alternatives to capitalism
  • Near future SF and the socio-economic impacts of emergent technology
  • The idea of “rigor” in science fiction and the social sciences
  • Picturing and pitching the future: futurism, entrepreneurship, design fiction, and diegetic prototyping
  • Economic extrapolations of the novum
  • Fintech, cryptocurrency, blockchain
  • Debt in SF, e.g. Margaret Atwood’s Payback: Debt and the Shadow Side of Wealth meets the speculative fiction of Margaret Atwood
  • Adhocracy, commoning, and self-governance, e.g. Cory Doctorow’s Walkaway (2017) meets Elinor Ostrom
  • “Adam Smith’s invisible great clomping foot of nerdism”: the economic dimension of worldbuilding
  • Science fictional demoi and publics
  • Scarcity, post-scarcity, “alt scarcity”
  • Automation
  • Matter replicators
  • Latinum, Melange, Adamantium: precious science fictional commodities
  • Capitalism, communism, third ways, fourth ways, fifth ways ... nth ways
  • The corporation in cyberpunk, post-cyberpunk, and other SF
  • Malthus and immortality
  • Markets, data science, and algorithmic governance
  • Complexity economics and chaos, complexity, and non-linear dynamics in SF
  • Algorithmic governance and the socialist calculation debates
  • Commensurable and non-commensurable value, e.g. Viviana Zelizer meets Karl Schroeder’s Permanence (2012)
  • Economic models as science fiction; readings of the thought experiments and pedagogic narratives within political economy texts as science fiction, e.g. Georg Simmel meets Ruth Levitas
  • AI and economic decision-making. How should economic agency be understood when it is dispersed through digital constructs – including Intelligent Personal Assistants and financial investment robo-advisors – whose algorithmic ‘reasoning’ is intrinsically opaque?
  • Communism and alternate reality SF
  • SF and capitalist realism
  • Science fictional experience; SF as lived experience
  • Science fictional estrangements of markets and money
  • Alienation, reification, commodification, and estrangement
  • Unreal estate
  • Economics without economies, economies without economics
  • Subjective theories of value and the Quantified Self
  • Neural interfaces, affective computing, and the formation of economic demand and political will
  • Homo economicus, “xeno economicus”, and economic rationality in SF
  • Prisoners’ Dilemma and other game theory in SF
  • Platform capitalism and SF, e.g. Tim Maughan’s ‘Zero Hours’
  • SF and platform co-operativism: imagining just, democratic, and sustainable digitally-mediated labour relations
  • Division of labour in SF
  • Affective labour and technologies of quantification
  • Barter in SF
  • Interstellar trade
  • Money and the trees it grows on, e.g. Nalo Hopkinson’s ‘Money Tree’, Clifford D. Simak’s ‘The Money Tree’
  • SF and ecological economics
  • Quantifying, representing, and/or marketising the unquantifiable
  • Markets as computation, computation as markets
  • SF’s non-capitalist markets
  • Class in SF, e.g. Samuel R. Delaney’s Nova (1968)
  • Secular trends, e.g. Rosa Luxemburg meets Michael Swanwick’s ‘From Babel’s Fall’n Glory We Fled...’ (2008)
  • Social credit and financial credit in Karen Lord’s Galaxy Game (2015)
  • Gift economies and other non-market exchanges in SF, e.g. Erik Frank Russell’s ‘And Then There Were None’ (1953)
  • Economics and deep time, economics and galactic scale, economics of terraforming, economics of megaengineering
  • Markets and states on interstellar scale, e.g. Susan Strange meets Charles Stross’s Neptune’s Brood (2013)
  • Estranging money
  • Energy and value, e.g. Starhawk’s Fifth Sacred Thing (1993)
  • SF in relation to time banking: e.g. LETS, ECHO, time-based currencies, Falk Lee’s ‘Time is Money’ (1975)

My WorldCon Schedule

Wednesday 12:00 - 13:00, 204 (Messukeskus)
TRANSLATING HIS ARBITRARY ANTLER-TURNS INTO SOME CORNERS OF ALL Y'ALL'S NEW ENLIGHTENMENTSES

Wednesday 13:00 - 14:00, 204 (Messukeskus)
APPLES: SIN'S SELFIES?

Thursday 14:00 - 15:00, 101a&b (Messukeskus)
TRAPPED, HOWLING GHOSTS? -- UNTAPPED RESOURCES OF CLIMATE RESILIENCE

Sunday 11:00 - 12:00, 101a&b (Messukeskus)
SKEEP-BEEP DE BOP-BOP BEEP OLM BO-DOPE, SKEEP-BEEP DE BOP-BOP NEWT BOP BO-DOPE: SCAT (SOME INLAID WITH SALAMANDERS)

FULL WORLDCON 75 SCHEDULE